How to Avoid Hacking Viruses

Hacking viruses are computer programs that can steal personal data and remotely control a computer. They are transmitted via peer-to-peer networks, email and websites that provide downloads of content. It’s possible to avoid the threat of a hacking virus by keeping your software up to date and avoid downloading from unreliable sources and avoiding unsecure networks.

Hacking viruses are used by cybercriminals for a variety of reasons. They might seek to infect computers with keystroke loggers that keep track of every word a device’s user typed, giving the perpetrator all the information they need to take their identity and gain access to bank accounts, credit card information and other valuable data. They may also use an infected device as part of a botnet, which is a network that could be used to send out spam emails or to launch attacks against other devices.

A virus may be crafted to alter the functions of a device, by changing its homepage or redirecting search queries to an unintentional web site, or reversing the results returned by popular search engines. This kind of hacking is known as a backdoor virus.

Hackers who were obsessed with finding low-tech ways to evade secure telecommunications and expensive long distance calls were historically known as phreaks. Phreak is a mix of the words phone and freak. The majority of people who are victims to viruses that hack computers are not involved either with telecommunications, or with tinkering around with technology. They are the unfortunate victims of hackers who exploit weaknesses in security systems built into them to steal sensitive personal information that can disrupt their own and others’ regular computer usage and inflict financial damage on the people they take advantage of.

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